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Looks can be deceiving…
The Mind of Psychopath
Psychopaths suffer from a mental disorder whereby they usually express amoral and antisocial behavior, emotional impairment and also failure to recognize errors. Various studies have found dysfunction in specific parts of the psychopathic brain such as the amygdala, orbitofrontal cortex and the paralimbic system among others. These would explain the behaviors exhibited by psychopaths. Other research suggests genetics and environment are responsible for psychopathic behavior, particularly in extreme cases.
The amygdala is an almond-shaped bunch of nuclei found deep within the temporal lobe of the brain. It is responsible for the feeling of fear, anxiety and anger. When this malfunctions, there is little stimulation to produce the feeling of fear. The orbitofrontal cortex is one of the prefrontal lobes in the cortex region that is responsible for decision making and certain social behaviors and when this is damaged, impulsive behavior is evidently present.
Additionally the paralimbic system consists of the anterior cingulate cortex and also the insula. The anterior cingulate cortex is responsible for regulating emotional states, impulse control and regulating mistakes in behavior. When this is malfunctioning, persons cannot determine emotions from facial expressions for themselves and also are unable to recognize abnormal behaviors expressed. The insula however is responsible for monitoring social norms, emotions of anger, disgust, fear and empathy and also in pain perception. Damage to this region results in persons being able to tolerate pain far greater than others and are socially awkward in terms of being unable to empathize, and able to withstand repulsive images and scents.
However recent research has indicated that psychopathy may be due to the genetic make-up or the environment of an individual. This can indicate that psychopathy can either be nature or nurture in that individuals may be born psychopaths or they can develop into psychopaths based on the environment they develop in.
Even with recent behavioral studies, the minds of psychopaths are still unclear as there are always unique cases that go against what scientists determine.
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